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Patexia Research

Patent 07824507 - Method for preparing nanostructured metal alloys having increased nitride content > Claims

  • 1. An aluminum alloy consisting essentially of:naluminum; andintrinsic nitrides comprising a combination of nitrogen and at least one metal element having a negative enthalpy of formation with nitrogen, wherein the alloy has a nitrogen content that is less than about 1 wt %, and wherein the alloy has a ductility of at least 4% at room temperature, and wherein said alloy is free of oxy-nitrides.
    • 2. The alloy of claim 1, wherein the least one metal element is selected from the group consisting of magnesium, lithium, molybdenum, chromium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, titanium, zirconium, hafnium, and combinations thereof.
    • 3. The alloy of claim 1, wherein the least one metal element is magnesium.
    • 4. The alloy of claim 1, wherein the alloy has a nitrogen content is between 0.45 wt. % and 0.8 wt. %.
    • 5. The alloy of claim 1, wherein the aluminum alloy has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 90 ksi at room temperature and a ductility of at least 4.5% at room temperature.
    • 6. The alloy of claim 1, wherein grains of the aluminum alloy have a grain size less than 0.5 μm.
    • 7. The alloy of claim 1, wherein grains of the aluminum alloy have a grain size less than 0.3 μm.
    • 8. The alloy of claim 1, wherein the alloy has a ductility of at least 5.7% at room temperature.
  • 9. An aluminum alloy consisting essentially of:naluminum;magnesium; andintrinsic nitrides comprising a combination of nitrogen and magnesium, wherein the alloy has a grain size of less than 200 nm and a nitrogen content that is less than about 1 wt %, and wherein the alloy has a ductility of at least 4% at room temperature, and wherein said alloy is free of oxy-nitrides.
    • 10. The aluminum alloy of claim 9, wherein the alloy has a ductility of at least 4.5% at room temperature.
    • 11. The aluminum alloy of claim 9, wherein the alloy has a ductility of at least 5.7% at room temperature.
    • 12. The aluminum alloy of claim 9, wherein the alloy has less than 0.24 wt. % oxygen.
    • 13. The aluminum alloy of claim 9, wherein the alloy has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 90 ks at room temperature and a ductility of at least 4.5% at room temperature.
    • 14. The aluminum alloy of claim 9, wherein the alloy has a nitrogen content is between 0.45 wt. % and 0.8 wt. %.
  • 15. An aluminum alloy prepared by:nproviding an aluminum alloy powder wherein the alloy consists essentially of aluminum and at least one metal component that has a negative enthalpy of formation with nitrogen;cryomilling the alloy powder to form a cryomilled alloy;forming intrinsic nitrides within the cryomilled alloy, wherein said alloy is free of oxy-nitrides; andcontrolling the duration of cryomilling so that the cryomilled alloy has a nitrogen content that is less than about 1 wt %, and wherein the cryomilled alloy has a ductility of at least 4% at room temperature.
    • 16. The alloy of claim 15, wherein the at least one metal having a negative enthalpy of formation with nitrogen is selected from the group consisting of—magnesium, iron, molybdenum, chromium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, titanium, zirconium, hafnium, and combinations thereof.
    • 17. The alloy of claim 15, wherein the at least one metal having a negative enthalpy of formation with nitrogen is aluminum andnwherein the step of forming intrinsic nitrides comprises the step of forming aluminum nitrides.
    • 18. The alloy of claim 15, wherein the alloy has an average grain size less than 0.5 μm.
    • 19. The alloy of claim 15, wherein the alloy comprises about 0.45% wt % to 0.8 wt % nitrogen.
    • 20. The alloy of claim 15, wherein the alloy has a ductility of at least 5.7% at room temperature.
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