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Patexia Research
Patent No. US 11304671
Issue Date Apr 19, 2022
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Patent 11304671 - Biopsy systems for breast computed tomography > Claims

  • 1. A system for performing a simulated computed tomography (CT) breast biopsy, comprising: an x-ray source coupled to a gantry that rotates around a subject's breast;a first detector and a second detector both coupled to said gantry and positioned to receive x-ray beams from the x-ray source; anda processor communicatively coupled to said first and second detectors and configured to: generate, based on a first x-ray beam received by the first detector, a first CT projection dataset of the subject's breast at a first spatial resolution;identify, based on the first CT projection dataset, a location of a possible tumor in the subject's breast;generate, based on a second x-ray beam received by the second detector, a second CT projection dataset of a portion of the subject's breast proximate to the possible tumor at a second, higher spatial resolution; andgenerate, based on at least the second CT projection dataset, a high-resolution image of the portion of the subject's breast.
    • 2. The system of claim 1, wherein the processor is further configured to generate the high-resolution image of the portion of the subject's breast based on a combination of the first CT projection dataset with the second CT projection dataset.
    • 3. The system of claim 1, wherein the first detector has a first area and a first spatial resolution, and wherein the second detector has a second area smaller than the first area and a second spatial resolution greater than the first spatial resolution.
    • 4. The system of claim 1 further comprising a collimator assembly coupled to the gantry and positioned between the x-ray source and the subject's breast, said collimator assembly configured to restrict the second x-ray beam to the portion of the subject's breast.
      • 5. The system of claim 4 further comprising a collimator positioning system that is configured to move the collimator assembly such that the second x-ray beam remains centered on the portion of the subject's breast during motion of the gantry.
    • 6. The system of claim 1, wherein the x-ray source comprises an x-ray focal spot, the system further comprising an x-ray source positioning system that is configured to move the x-ray focal spot such that the second x-ray beam remains centered on the portion of the subject's breast during motion of the gantry.
    • 7. The system of claim 1 further comprising a detector positioning system that is configured to move the second detector during motion of the gantry such that the second detector receives the second x-ray beam during motion of the gantry.
  • 8. A method for performing a simulated computed tomography (CT) breast biopsy, comprising: generating, based on a first x-ray beam received by a first detector, a first CT projection dataset of a subject's breast at a first spatial resolution;identifying, based on the first CT projection dataset, a location of a possible tumor in the subject's breast;generating, based on a second x-ray beam received by a second detector, a second CT projection dataset of a portion of the subject's breast proximate to the possible tumor at a second, higher spatial resolution, wherein the first x-ray beam and the second x-ray beam are generated by an x-ray source; andgenerating, based on at least the second CT projection dataset, a high-resolution image of the portion of the subject's breast.
    • 9. The method of claim 8, wherein generating the high-resolution image of the portion of the subject's breast comprises combining the first CT projection dataset with the second CT projection dataset.
    • 10. The method of claim 8, wherein the first detector has a first area and a first spatial resolution, and wherein the second detector has a second area smaller than the first area and a second spatial resolution greater than the first spatial resolution.
    • 11. The method of claim 8 further comprising: restricting the second x-ray beam to the portion of the subject's breast with a collimator assembly positioned between the x-ray source and the subject's breast; andmoving the collimator assembly such that the second x-ray beam remains centered on the portion of the subject's breast during motion of the x-ray source and the second detector.
    • 12. The method of claim 8 further comprising moving the second detector such that the second detector receives the second x-ray beam during motion of the x-ray source and the second detector.
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