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Patexia Research
Patent No. US 11349307
Issue Date May 31, 2022
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Patent 11349307 - Active filter for resonance reduction > Claims

  • 1. A control unit for an active filter for an electric system, the electric system comprising an AC power source distributing an alternating current to a first AC conductor, a power consuming unit connected to the first AC conductor and configured to receive the alternating current from the first AC conductor, the active filter comprising a DC power source, a DC conductor that connects the DC power source to the first AC conductor, and a switching system placed between the DC power source and the first AC conductor, the switching system being configured to create a compensating current based on a received control signal, the control unit comprising: a voltage measurement unit adapted to measure a voltage of the first AC conductor and create a voltage signal on the basis of the measured voltage; anda computing unit adapted to (i) receive the voltage signal, (ii) sample the received voltage signal with a frequency exceeding 100 kSa/s, and (iii) compute the control signal on the basis of the sampled received voltage signal.
    • 2. The control unit according to claim 1, wherein the active filter further comprises a capacitor connected to the DC conductor and being adapted to lead frequencies other than a utility frequency of the electric system to ground, and wherein the voltage measurement unit is adapted to be connected to a point between the AC power source and the capacitor.
    • 3. The control unit according to claim 1, wherein the voltage measurement unit is further adapted to measure a second voltage of a second AC conductor and a third voltage of a third AC conductor having a voltage offset in relation to the voltage of the first AC conductor of substantially 120° and 240° respectively, and create a second voltage signal on the basis of the second measured voltage and a third voltage signal on the basis of the third measured voltage, and wherein the computing unit is further adapted to sample the second and third voltage signals with a frequency exceeding 100 kSa/s and compute the control signal on the basis of the sampled second and third voltage signals.
      • 4. The control unit according to claim 3, wherein the DC power source is adapted to receive current from the second AC conductor and the third AC conductor to be distributed to the first AC conductor.
    • 5. The control unit according to claim 1, further comprising a current measurement unit configured to measure a current of the first AC conductor, and wherein the computing unit is adapted to compute the control signal on the basis of the sampled received voltage signal and the measured current.
    • 6. The control unit according to claim 1, wherein the computing unit is adapted to sample the received voltage signal with a frequency exceeding 150 kSa/s.
  • 7. An active filter for reducing resonance in an electric system, the electric system comprising an AC power source distributing an alternating current to a first AC conductor, a power consuming unit connected to the first AC conductor and receiving the alternating current from the first AC conductor, the active filter comprising: a DC power source;a DC conductor that connects the DC power source to the first AC conductor;a switching system placed between the DC power source and the first AC conductor, the switching system being configured to create a compensating current based on a received control signal,a voltage measurement unit adapted to measure a voltage of the first AC conductor and create a voltage signal on the basis of the measured voltage; anda computing unit adapted to (i) receive the voltage signal, (ii) sample the received voltage signal with a frequency exceeding 100 kSa/s, and (iii) compute the control signal on the basis of the sampled received voltage signal.
    • 8. The active filter according to claim 7, wherein the active filter further comprises a capacitor connected to the DC conductor and being adapted to lead frequencies other than a utility frequency of the electric system to ground, and wherein the voltage measurement unit is adapted to be connected to a point between the AC power source and the capacitor.
    • 9. The active filter according to claim 7, wherein the voltage measurement unit is further adapted to measure a second voltage of a second AC conductor and a third voltage of a third AC conductor having a voltage offset in relation to the voltage of the first AC conductor of substantially 120° and 240° respectively, and create a second voltage signal on the basis of the second measured voltage and a third voltage signal on the basis of the third measured voltage, and wherein the computing unit is further adapted to sample the second and third voltage signals with a frequency exceeding 100 kSa/s and compute the control signal on the basis of the sampled second and third voltage signals.
      • 10. The active filter according to claim 9, wherein the DC power source is adapted to receive current from the second AC conductor and the third AC conductor to be distributed to the first AC conductor.
    • 11. The active filter according to claim 7, further comprising a current measurement unit configured to measure a current of the first AC conductor, and wherein the computing unit is adapted to compute the control signal on the basis of the sampled received voltage signal and the measured current.
    • 12. The active filter according to claim 7, wherein the computing unit is adapted to sample the received voltage signal with a frequency exceeding 150 kSa/s.
  • 13. A method of suppressing resonance in an electric system using an active filter, the method comprising: measuring a voltage of an AC conductor supplying energy from an AC power source to a power consuming unit at a point between the AC conductor and a capacitor adapted to lead frequencies other than a utility frequency of the electric system to ground;sampling the measured voltage with a frequency exceeding 100 kSa/s; andcomputing a control signal for a switching system of the active filter on the basis of the sampled measured voltage, for creating a compensating current configured to suppress resonance in the electric system using the active filter.
    • 14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising: measuring a current of the AC conductor; andcomputing the control signal on the basis of the sampled measured voltage and the measured current.
    • 15. The method according to claim 13, wherein the step of sampling the measured voltage comprises sampling the measured voltage with a frequency exceeding 150 kSa/s.
  • 16. A method of suppressing resonance in an electric system using an active filter, the method comprising: measuring a first voltage of a first AC conductor, a second voltage of a second AC conductor and a third voltage of a third AC conductor, the second and third voltage having a voltage offset in relation to the first voltage of the first AC conductor of substantially 120° and 240° respectively;creating a first voltage signal on the basis of the first measured voltage, a second voltage signal on the basis of the second measured voltage and a third voltage signal on the basis of the third measured voltage;sampling the first, second and third voltage signals with a frequency exceeding 100 kSa/s; andcomputing a control signal for a switching system of the active filter on the basis of the sampled first, second and third voltage signals, for creating a compensating current configured to suppress resonance in the electric system using the active filter.
    • 17. The method according to claim 16, wherein the step of sampling the second and third voltage signals comprises sampling the second and third voltage signals with a frequency exceeding 150 kSa/s.
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