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Patexia Research
Issue Date Jun 17, 2021
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Patent Application - EVAPORATIVE FUEL PROCESSING DEVICE > Claims

  • 1. An evaporative fuel processing device applicable to an internal combustion engine that is provided with a fuel injection valve and configured to perform lean combustion to burn air-fuel mixture at an air-fuel ratio that is leaner than a stoichiometric air-fuel ratio, the evaporative fuel processing device configured to cause evaporative fuel in a fuel tank to be burned in the internal combustion engine by using an adsorption unit, which is configured to adsorb evaporative fuel, and a purge control valve, which is provided in a purge passage that communicates an intake passage of the internal combustion engine with the adsorption unit, the evaporative fuel processing device comprising: a purge control unit configured to open the purge control valve to supply, as purge gas, the evaporative fuel together with air to the intake passage, in response to a predetermined purge request;an air-fuel ratio detection unit configured to detect an air-fuel ratio of the internal combustion engine;a concentration learning unit configured to estimate a fuel concentration in the purge gas based on a change in the air-fuel ratio detected by using the air-fuel ratio detection unit when the purge control unit causes the purge gas to be supplied to the intake passage andperform a fuel concentration learning to update a concentration learning value, which is a learning value of the fuel concentration in the purge gas, based on the estimated fuel concentration; andan injection control unit configured to correct a fuel injection amount, by which fuel is to be injected from the fuel injection valve, based on the concentration learning value in a period in which the concentration learning unit performs the fuel concentration learning in the lean combustion operation andcause the fuel injection valve to inject fuel by the corrected fuel injection amount.
    • 2. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 1, further comprising: an air-fuel ratio learning unit configured to acquire an air-fuel ratio deviation amount, which is a deviation amount between a target air-fuel ratio of the internal combustion engine and the detected air-fuel ratio detected by using the air-fuel ratio detection unit, in a state where the purge gas is not supplied to the intake passage andperform an air-fuel ratio learning to correct the detected air-fuel ratio, whereinthe purge control unit is configured to open the purge control valve to supply the purge gas to the intake passage, in response to the purge request in the lean combustion operation, on condition that the air-fuel ratio learning has been performed by the air-fuel ratio learning unit in the lean combustion operation, andthe concentration learning unit is configured to perform the fuel concentration learning, after the air-fuel ratio learning unit has completed the air-fuel ratio learning, and when the purge control unit supplies the purge gas to the intake passage.
      • 3. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 2, wherein the injection control unit is configured to control the fuel injection amount in a period in which the fuel concentration learning is performed, such that the detected air-fuel ratio converges to the target air-fuel ratio.
    • 4. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 1, further comprising: an operation control unit configured to switch an operating state of the internal combustion engine from a stoichiometric combustion operation to a lean combustion operation, in response to a predetermined lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion operation in which mixture gas is burned at a stoichiometric air-fuel ratio, whereinthe concentration learning unit is configured to perform the fuel concentration learning after the operation control unit switches the operating state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation.
      • 5. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 4, further comprising: an injection amount learning unit configured to perform injection amount learning to correct the fuel injection amount, by which fuel is to be injected from the fuel injection valve, based on a deviation amount between a command injection amount for the fuel injection valve and an actual fuel injection amount, whereinthe operation control unit is configured to switch the operating state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, in response to the lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion operation, on condition that a learning history, in which the injection amount learning unit has performed the injection amount learning in the stoichiometric combustion operation, exists.
      • 6. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 4, wherein the operation control unit is configured to switch the operating state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, in response to the lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion operation, on condition that a learning history, in which the fuel concentration learning unit has performed the fuel concentration learning in the stoichiometric combustion operation, exists.
        • 7. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 6, wherein the operation control unit is configured to switch the operating state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, in response to the lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion operation, on conditionthat a learning history, in which the concentration learning unit has performed the fuel concentration learning in the stoichiometric combustion operation, exists andthat the concentration learning value, which is updated by the fuel concentration learning in the stoichiometric combustion operation, is equal to or higher than a minimum concentration that is determined based on a minimum injection amount of the fuel injection valve.
    • 8. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 1, further comprising: an operation control unit configured to switch an operating state of the internal combustion engine from a stoichiometric combustion operation to a lean combustion operation, in response to a predetermined lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion operation in which mixture gas is burned at a stoichiometric air-fuel ratio;an injection amount learning unit configured to perform injection amount learning to correct the fuel injection amount, by which fuel is to be injected from the fuel injection valve, based on a deviation amount between a command injection amount for the fuel injection valve and an actual fuel injection amount; andan air-fuel ratio learning unit configured to acquire an air-fuel ratio deviation amount, which is a deviation amount between a target air-fuel ratio of the internal combustion engine and the detected air-fuel ratio detected by using the air-fuel ratio detection unit, in a state where the purge gas is not supplied to the intake passage andperform an air-fuel ratio learning to correct the detected air-fuel ratio, whereinthe operation control unit is configured to switch the operating state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, in response to the lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion operation, on condition that a learning history, in which the injection amount learning unit has performed the injection amount learning in the stoichiometric combustion operation, exists,the purge control unit is configured to open the purge control valve to supply the purge gas to the intake passage, in response to a purge request after the operation control unit has switched the operation state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, on condition that the air-fuel ratio learning unit has performed the air-fuel ratio learning after switching to the lean combustion operation, andthe concentration learning unit is configured to perform the fuel concentration learning after the air-fuel ratio learning unit has completed the air-fuel ratio learning, and when the purge control unit supplies the purge gas to the intake passage.
    • 9. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 1, wherein the concentration learning unit is configured to update the concentration learning value for a plurality of times in a period in which the fuel concentration learning is performed in the lean combustion operation, andthe injection control unit is configured to correct the fuel injection amount, by which fuel is to be injected from the fuel injection valve, based on the concentration learning value, which has been updated in the period in which the fuel concentration learning is being performed, in a period in which the concentration learning unit performs the fuel concentration learning in the lean combustion operation.
    • 10. The evaporative fuel processing device according to claim 1, wherein the purge control unit is configured to limit at least one of an amount of change in a flow rate of the purge gas to the intake passage per unit time and an upper limit of the flow rate of the purge gas to the intake passage in a period in which the concentration learning unit performs the fuel concentration learning in the lean combustion operation.
  • 11. An evaporative fuel processing device applicable to an internal combustion engine that is provided with a fuel injection valve and configured to switch an operating state between a stoichiometric combustion operation, which is to burn air-fuel mixture at a stoichiometric air-fuel ratio, and a lean combustion operation, which is to burn air-fuel mixture at an air-fuel ratio on a lean side of a theoretical air-fuel ratio, the evaporative fuel processing device configured to supply, as purge gas, evaporative fuel in a fuel tank with air to an intake passage of the internal combustion engine to cause the purge gas to be burned by using an adsorption unit, which is configured to adsorb evaporative fuel, and a purge control valve, which is provided in a purge passage that communicates the intake passage with the adsorption unit, the evaporative fuel processing device comprising: a purge control unit configured to open the purge control valve to supply, as purge gas, the evaporative fuel together with air to the intake passage, in response to a predetermined purge request;an air-fuel ratio detection unit configured to detect an air-fuel ratio of the internal combustion engine;a concentration learning unit configured to estimate a fuel concentration in the purge gas based on a change in the air-fuel ratio detected by using the air-fuel ratio detection unit when the purge control unit causes the purge gas to be supplied to the intake passage andperform a fuel concentration learning to update a concentration learning value, which is a learning value of the fuel concentration in the purge gas, based on the estimated fuel concentration;an operation control unit configured to switch the operating state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, in response to a predetermined lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion;an injection amount learning unit configured to perform injection amount learning to correct a fuel injection amount, by which fuel is to be injected from the fuel injection valve, based on a deviation amount between a command injection amount for the fuel injection valve and an actual fuel injection amount; andan air-fuel ratio learning unit configured to acquire an air-fuel ratio deviation amount, which is a deviation amount between a target air-fuel ratio of the internal combustion engine and the detected air-fuel ratio detected by using the air-fuel ratio detection unit, in a state where the purge gas is not supplied to the intake passage andperform an air-fuel ratio learning to correct the detected air-fuel ratio, whereinthe operation control unit is configured to switch the operating state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, in response to the lean combustion request in the stoichiometric combustion operation, on condition that a learning history, in which the injection amount learning unit has performed the injection amount learning in the stoichiometric combustion operation, exists,the purge control unit is configured to open the purge control valve to supply the purge gas to the intake passage, in response to a purge request after the operation control unit has switched the operation state of the internal combustion engine from the stoichiometric combustion operation to the lean combustion operation, on condition that the air-fuel ratio learning unit has performed the air-fuel ratio learning after switching to the lean combustion operation, andthe concentration learning unit is configured to perform the fuel concentration learning after the air-fuel ratio learning unit has completed the air-fuel ratio learning and when the purge control unit supplies the purge gas to the intake passage.
  • 12. An evaporative fuel processing device comprising: a computer configured to: open a purge control valve to communicate an adsorption unit with an intake passage of an internal combustion engine to supply, as purge gas, evaporative fuel, which is generated in a fuel tank and adsorbed in the adsorption unit, together with air to be burned in the internal combustion engine, in response to a predetermined purge request;detect an air-fuel ratio of the internal combustion engine;estimate a fuel concentration in the purge gas based on a change in the detected air-fuel ratio the purge gas is supplied to the intake passage;perform a fuel concentration learning to update a concentration learning value, which is a learning value of the fuel concentration in the purge gas, based on the estimated fuel concentration;correct a fuel injection amount, by which fuel is to be injected from the fuel injection valve, based on the concentration learning value, in a period in which the fuel concentration learning is performed, when the internal combustion engine performs a lean combustion operation to burn air-fuel mixture at an air-fuel ratio that is leaner than a stoichiometric air-fuel ratio; andcause the fuel injection valve to inject fuel by the corrected fuel injection amount.
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